We determined the occupants and scale of a major criminal courthouse. The building envelope was set at no more than 71,000 m2. We estimated that 65 courtrooms are required. We explored various options for keeping the total building area within the target envelope. We summarized the courtrooms and areas of the existing facilities that would be replaced by the new courthouse. We explored several ways to reduce net areas. We prepared a Facilities Program for Strategic Planning that outlined an initial area estimate for the proposed new facility. We provided a list of ideas for guiding the next steps of this unique project. Completed in 2015.